Malaria Control activities are on ground since the formulation of Health Services provision fundamentals outlined in Bohr’s commission in the Sub-continent; and in Pakistan these are functional since 1950s through succession of different approaches. The most ambitious program was the Malaria Education Campaign, spearheaded by USAID since 1961. Then the global approaches was changed due to health priorities and draw backs encountered with wide spread drug and insecticide resistance. Then as a strategy WHO initiated global malaria control program aiming to reducing the malaria burden to manageable levels. Pakistan program was also directed toward control approaches through the decentralization process and other funding difficulties during post this era did not allows successful transformation of the operations.
Malaria personnel cadres were amalgamated and Malaria Control program was made a Provincial transferred subject, leveling an apical set up at the Federal level, for the purpose of policy formulation and maintaining coordination. Further the implementation responsibilities were transferred to respective district government in line with the devolution plans. In 1977 Malaria control activities were integrated with the Communicable Disease Control Selection the Provinces.
Owing the two major failures in the endemic countries control programs, in 1998, Roll Back Malaria (RBM) initiative was coordinated and started by WHO, UNICEF, UNDP and the World Bank. Pakistan being the signatory to the effect, started RBM implementation in the phased manner by earmarking 273 million from PSDP allocations for 5 years since FY 2001-02, supplemented by the provincial PC-1 allocations while 658 million have been approved for the next 5 years 2007-2012 to support provincial programs.